Background: The prevalence of pediatric hyperuricemia is increasing worldwide. No other similar study was done in Ramadi city previously.
Objective: This study was designed to show the prevalence of hyperuricemia among children from 6 to 16 years old in Ramadi city, Iraq, and to study its relation with gender, personal obesity, residency, and economic status of their families.
Material and Methods: Across sectional study was done for 6 months from the first of January 2021 to the end of June 2021, to determine the expected prevalence of hyperuricemia among children from 6 -16 years old in the Ramadi population. For all studied cases, data was collected for age, gender, obesity, socioeconomic status, and residency. All cases were sent for serological calculation of uric acid levels.
Results: The total number of studied children was 520, the overall prevalence of hyperuricemia among these cases was (11.3%). Girls had more prevalence than boys with female to male ratio (2.2:1). The overweight's and obese children had a higher prevalence of hyperuricemia (29.3 %) compared with only (3.3%) among those who were not. Most of the cases were from middle-economic status families with a non-significant relationship as compared with control while it was significant among residence in the urban area.
Conclusions: A higher prevalence of hyperuricemia was found among children in Ramadi city, Iraq, and this requires a specific educational program giving to the families in explaining the attributed risk factors especially the problem of obesity.