A complication is a situation that arises because of a disease or medical procedure, deviates from the expected sequence of events, and may result in or is linked to a less-than-ideal outcome. Complications do not always signify the quality of care that qualifies as medical malpractice or negligence. Any complication, whatever of its cause, that; occurs within 30 days of a surgery or intervention, whether it occurs in or out of the hospital, or occurs after 30 days but still within the same hospitalization following the operation or intervention, is referred to as an operational or procedural complication. Operative and procedural complications in this context encompass both postoperative/post procedural complications as well as intraoperative/intra procedural complications. Spans numerous distinct databases, therapies, and various types of therapy in a common language across many separate databases. The multi-social database committee for pediatric and congenital heart disease has outlined a thorough list of complications related to the management of anesthesia and perfusion, as well as those related to the transplantation of thoracic organs, that can arise when treating patients with congenital cardiac disease. These complications include those relating to the cardiac, pulmonary, renal, hematological, infectious, neurological, gastrointestinal, and endocrine systems.
Even though serious gastrointestinal complications following congenital cardiac surgery are relatively rare, accurate estimates of their incidences are difficult to come by, in part because there is no universal nomenclature that identifies organ-specific complications and no standardized reporting practices. The objectives of this review will be identifying malnutrition and gastrointestinal complications following pediatric cardiac surgery. Electronic and manual searches of literature were performed.
A list of malnutrotion and gastrointestinal issues that might be linked to congenital heart surgery has been compiled and characterized by the multi societal database committee for pediatric and congenital heart disease. This list will be useful for databases, efforts to enhance quality, reporting of problems, and comparing treatment approaches for clinicians caring for individuals with congenital heart disease.